Formatting an APA Paper
When in doubt, consult a copy of the APA Manual itself. See pages 41-50.
Video - How to Format an APA Paper
The video takes the viewer step-by-step through the process of setting up and using the APA style for research papers and essays.
Used with author's permission.
How citing benefits you
It 's important to research thoroughly to learn about your topic. Crediting all your sources is where you can show how hard you worked.
- citing sources that support your own ideas gives your paper authority and credibility
- citations act as proof that you have researched your topic thoroughly
- giving credit to the sources you have used protects you from suspicion of plagiarism
- enables your professor to locate the item to which you refer
What must I cite?
To avoid the potential for plagiarism, a good rule of thumb is to provide a citation for any idea that is not your own. This includes:
- direct quotations
- paraphrasing of a quotation, passage, or idea
- summary of another's idea or research
- specific reference to an obscure fact, figure, or phrase
- use of your own previous work (self-plagiarism)
When in doubt, avoid the possibility of plagiarism and cite your source.
Apa's Quick Answers Website
The American Psychological Association provides a website explaining how to use the 6th edition of the APA Style Guide.
WHAT'S A DOI?
The biggest change with the new edition of the APA manual is the inclusion of the Digital Object Identifier (DOI).
The DOI number appears on electronic journal articles.
- A DOI is a unique alphanumeric string, (uses both alphabet letters and numbers), that provides a persistent (unchanging) link to its location on the Internet. All DOI numbers begin with a 10.
- The DOI is typically located on the first page of an electronic journal article, near the copyright notice.
- The DOI can also be found on a database's citation and abstract page for an article. When a DOI is not present, include the URL.
An example of a DOI number:
Early Childhood Educ J (2010) 38:87-94